site.btaBulgaria on Road to Schengen: Timeline
September 2007: Bulgaria submits a declaration of readiness for the start of Schengen evaluations.
March 2009 to December 2010: EC carries out seven technical missions monitoring Bulgaria's compliance with the Schengen criteria - Police Cooperation (March 2009), Data Protection (April 2009), Visas (June 2009), Maritime Borders (September 2009), Air Borders (November 2009), Land Borders (March 2010) and Schengen Information System and additional mission on Land Borders (December 2010).
December 21, 2010: France and Germany formally request the postponement of the Schengen accession of Bulgaria and Romania on the grounds that the accession of the two countries, scheduled for March 2011, would be premature.
June 8, 2011: On 487-77 votes with 29 abstentions, the European Parliament adopts a resolution supporting the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to the Schengen area. The adoption of the resolution precedes the final procedure, where the matter is to be finally decided by the EU Justice and Home Affairs Council by consensus.
June 9, 2011: A meeting of EU home affairs and justice ministers in Luxembourg leaves Bulgaria and Romania out of Schengen even though both countries fulfill the technical criteria. Before the meeting, the Netherlands announces that its government would decide on the matter in 2012 after a trial period for Bulgaria and Romania, expecting reforms in the judiciary and the fight against corruption in both countries to be tangible and irreversible.
October 13, 2011: The European Parliament adopts by a large majority a second resolution in favour of Bulgaria and Romania's accession to Schengen.
March 2, 2012: The EU leaders postpone the issue of Bulgaria and Romania's admission to Schengen for September 2012, again due to the Netherlands' position. Prime Minister Mark Rutte points out that the two countries have not done everything necessary, that they have made progress but not enough to meet the Schengen criteria.
December 11, 2018: A fifth resolution is adopted by the European Parliament, which calls for the accession of Bulgaria and Romania to Schengen.
June 19, 2020: Another European Parliament resolution calls for Bulgaria and Romania to be admitted to Schengen as soon as possible.
July 2021: The European Parliament adopts a report on 505-134 votes and 54 abstentions, reiterating that the two countries be admitted to Schengen as they have met the requirements.
October 18, 2022: Final resolution of the European Parliament on this issue, reiterating the call for Schengen accession of Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia.
November 17, 2022: On 106-18 votes, the Bulgaria National Assembly adopts a declaration on Bulgaria's Schengen accession, stating its full support for the Bulgarian government's efforts to bring about an EU Council decision on Bulgaria's Schengen membership by the end of 2022.
December 2, 2022: After a meeting of the government of the Netherlands, Foreign Minister Wopke Hoekstra announces that his country would block Bulgaria's Schengen entry at a December 8, 2022, meeting of the EU Justice and Home Affairs Council. On the same day, at a press conference, Austrian Chancellor Karl Nehammer confirms his government's decisions to vote against the Schengen admission of Bulgaria and Romania.