site.btaUPDATED Bulgaria's Population Totals 6.5 Mln, Contracts by 11.5% Since 2011
The resident population in Bulgaria as of September 7, 2021 is 6,519,789 people, according to the final data from the 18th census of the population and housing in Bulgaria conducted by the of the National Statistical Institute (NSI) in 2021. It has decreased by 844,781 people, or 11.5%, since the previous census in 2011, said Magdalena Kostova, Demographic and Social Statistics director at NSI.
The results show that the average annual rate of decrease increased from 0.7% in the period 2001-2011 to 1.2% in the period 2011-2021.
Women in the country number 3,383,527 (51.9%) and men 3,136,262 (48.1%).
According to NSI, the factors that influence the number of the population are natural movement (births and deaths) and external migration.
Sofia region (the capital) remains largest in size with a population of 1,124,290 people, followed by the Plovdiv (634,497), Varna (432,198) and Burgas (380,286) regions.
A total of 41.7% of the country's population lives in the four largest regions. The smallest is the Vidin region with a population of 75,408 people, or 1.2% of the country's population.
The negative trends in the age structure of the population have aggravated further. There is an ongoing process of demographic aging, which is seen in an increase in the absolute number and the relative share of the population aged 65 and over (currently 1,532,667 people, 23%), the data also show. Compared to the previous census, the population in this age group increased by 171,270, or 12.6%.
The population in the 15-64 age group was 4,069,400 people (62.4%), as of September 7,2022. Compared to 2011, it decreased by 958,501, or by 19.1%.
The share of the 0-14 age group increased from 13.2% in 2011 to 14.1% of the total population in 2021, but the absolute number decreased from 975,000 in 2021 to 918,000 in 2021, or 5.9%, Kostova added.
The aging of the population also lead to changes in its basic age structure (below, at and above working age). As of September 7, 2021, there were 3,815,000 people of working age (58.5%). Compared to 2011, the working population decreased by 762,000 people or 16.7%. The population over working age was 1,726,000 people (26.5%), and under working age were 979,000 people (15%).
As of September 7, 2021, 99.1% had Bulgarian citizenship. About 0.5% had dual citizenship. The citizens of the European Union who reside permanently in the country were 10,549 (0.2%). The majority of them are citizens of Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland and Romania. Third-country nationals were 49,453 (0.7%), with 35.3% of them being citizens of the Russian Federation, followed by citizens of Ukraine, the United Kingdom, Turkey and Syria. The number of stateless persons was 539, Kostova said.
NSI Chair Assoc. Dr. Atanas Atanasov specified that multiple studies were conducted for the census and were then combined into one whole.
The NSI deputy head, Diana Yancheva, commented that conducting this census was difficult because it had to be postponed due to the pandemic, which caused turmoil in the organization. Furthermore, it was inexplicable to the NSI why so many people opted out of the e-census even though it was extended. This made it necessary to additionally engage census enumerators so that all homes and buildings where people live in Bulgaria could be visited. The real work began after October 10, when the census was completed. Yancheva stressed that the census results were not late and and noted that more detailed information will be announced every month for several months.