Black Sea MAP Project Places Bulgaria on Maritime Archaeology Map - Experts

NW 13:58:01 27-11-2018

Black Sea MAP Project
Places Bulgaria on
Maritime Archaeology Map - Experts

Sofia, November 27 (BTA) - With the series of shipwrecks it has discovered, the Black Sea MAP maritime archaeology project has placed Bulgaria on the map of maritime research. Such finds are very few and extremely rare, and they cannot be found elsewhere, the head of the Centre for Underwater Archaeology in Sozopol (on the Black Sea), Dr. Kalin Dimitrov, told a news conference Tuesday.

He explained that the reason for this are the conditions in the Black Sea which preserve the remains; as a result, a find is the ship itself, not just parts of the cargo as is the case elsewhere.

Participants in the news conference included Prof. Jon Adams, founding Director of the University of Southampton's Centre for Maritime Archaeology, Assoc. Prof. Lyudmil Vagalinski, Director of the National Institute of Archaeology with Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, and Dr. Kroum Batchvarov, Assistant Prof. at the University of Connecticut.

In the period between 2015 and 2017, the team discovered some 65 shipwrecks dating from antiquity to modern times. In the last three years, the international team of archaeologists and other researchers studied the Black Sea bed to learn more about the changes of the sea level after the last Ice Age. The project team used state-of-the art technology to explore over 2,000 sq m of sea bed.

The oldest vessels discovered by the expedition date from antiquity. One most probably dates to Greek colonization in the 4th century BC, while the other registers Roman presence in Bulgaria about the 1st-2nd century AD.

The scientists collected sondage samples which were studied at the University of Southampton. Their discoveries include volcanic material from two periods, Prof. Adams said. There was an eruption 22,500 years ago, as well as another one dating 3,500 years ago. In his opinion, the latter caused the destruction of the Minoan civilization. The expert said they had not expected to find information about the volcanic eruption so far to the north.

The explorations of the team have revealed evidence that the level of the Black Sea was 110 m lower than it is now, after which it rose gradually. However, no evidence of catastrophic flooding was established./RY/BR